China Youth Network: National Ability is an important factor in promoting the success of reform and opening up
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If there is no response, please refresh this page China Youth Network Beijing October 12 (Reporter Yang Yue Internship reporter Zhang Ruiling) "For most people, China and Japan are backward, from After the Meiji Dimetown, China and Japan gaps began to gradually.
But the latest studies have shown that before the Meiji Destinations, China and Japan have had a relatively large gap in national capacity.
"Tsinghua University National Institute of Studies, School of Public Administration, Tsinghua University, Soviet Union, Professor" Wang Shaoguang, a lectures of the Su Shimin University, Wang Shaoguang, the seventh story of the Tsinghua University’s national conditions, "reform and opening up, national capacity and economic development" Because there is a stronger national capacity, the Dechuan Shipping Period and the Japanese period during the Meiji period can provide more common public goods, such as road bridges, port lighthouse, fire disaster relief, etc. At the same time, the reform and opening up of Japan It has been more smooth.
Similarly, in China’s successful reform and opening up process, the increase in national capacity has also played a key role. Wang Shaoguang "Reform and opening up, national capacity and economic development" lecture scene. China Youth Net correspondent in Wang Shaoguang seems that before the Japanese Meiji Decoction, the national capacity between China and Japs has emerged, mainly in two aspects: per capita GDP and national extraction capabilities.
He pointed out that in terms of per capita GDP, you can see the GDP comparison between China and Japan in the revised Madison database. Per capita GDP is calculated in 2010, in 1661, China’s per capita GDP is higher than Japan, but by 1766, Japan’s per capita GDP has begun higher than China, and continues to increase in 1812 to 1850, after 1870 The gap is expanded. Therefore, after the 1868 Meiji Deco, the gap between China and Japan is indeed expanded, but the emergence of this gap is not from the future of the Meiji Dimension.
China and Japan also have diverted discharge in extraction skills. Some 乐上海品茶论坛 scholars are calculated, before the Opium War, the Chinese government’s financial revenue accounts for 2% of national income.
But before the Meiji Renewal period, Japan’s fiscal revenue accounted for 15%, which is a much higher ratio than China.
Therefore, Japan’s skills are much stronger than China, so that Japan’s reform is more smooth. Similarly, in China’s reform and opening up, the increase 上海龙凤千花论坛 in national capacity has also played a key role. Wang Shaoguang said: "The national capacity of the whole country is relatively strong in the early stages of reform and opening up. Everyone does not think that the national capacity is a useful thing, because it is like air, you don’t think it is more important.
So you can see a lot of debate before 1993. Is the government to manage the market or the market economy? The country then adjusts in this matter, but may lead to a decline in national capacity.
By 1993, China slowly started paying attention to the configuration of national capacity.
The advantage of China’s national system is that once it recognizes the importance of resources, it can turn your own will into action and turn into reality. This is a relatively strong performance of China’s national capacity. "In Wang Shaoguang, national abilities refers to the ability of the country to transform their own will and goals into reality.
National capabilities include four: drawing financial capabilities, macroeconomic capacity, legalization ability, and mandatory capacity.
Among them, the state’s financial capacity is the most important national capacity, but also the basis for achieving other national capabilities. Why do you say that? He believes that national capabilities are the necessary conditions for economic growth.
First of all, strong national capabilities can lay a solid foundation for reform and opening up, including institutional guarantees, human, capital, infrastructure, etc .; Second, strong national capacity can create more favorable, external environment for reform and opening up; again, The national capacity is relatively strong, and it is better to control the direction and rhythm of reform and opening up. Reform and opening up is not to say that it is necessary to follow a fixed mode, it needs appropriate adjustments in a certain stage or a period. Finally, a strong government has the ability to regulate the imbalance between the loss and the revenue caused by reform and opening up, and again allocate.
Wang Shaoguang also explained: "The national capacity is not a country, and there are many things that can be intervened. It can also be said to be only the same. If only intervene, it is very effective, it is called a national ability; I can’t manage anything, then there is no national capacity. "Read the full text ().